.htaccess

Url manipulation with mod_rewrite and php-catcher for beginners

Url manipulation is one of the hottest areas on the new generation web (2.0). It provides more security and flexibility. It is user and search-engine friendly. The most popular combination is Apache-webserver + mod_rewrite + server-side catcher(mostly a php-file). In this tutorial we use very short examples to make it easy for newbies.

Why url manipulation & mod_rewrite?

  1. more security: hide file location
  2. shorter urls without file extensions like .html
  3. easy to remember / recommend urls
  4. search engine friendly

Redirect webpages with HTML, PHP, .htaccess, Java+Script, CGI-Perl, ASP.NET and ColdFusion

Here are examples of code how to redirect an old page/url/domain to a new one with most popular client+server side programming/scripting languages. We use 301 http status code (permanent redirect). If you need temporary redirection use 302 status code instead of 301. It is better to prefer server-side redirection, because some clients are surfing with javascript and http-refresh disabled browsers. Do not forget to test your code first!

.htacces and Mod_Rewrite (Apache Webserver)

Set auto_prepend_file with .htaccess on Hosteurope managed hosting

To set a standart auto_prepend_file for php on a dedicated root server is not a bit thing but on a virtual webhosting or managed server it could be a big issue. Because you dont have systemwide global access to httpd.conf and php.ini files.

My small solutions for Hostrurope managed virtual hosting packets:

Add this line to your .htaccess file
php_value auto_prepend_file  /is/htdocs/wp1193698874_ABCDEFGH/www/auto_prepend.php

And be sure that your auto_prepend.php really exists and its path is correct.

Prevent hotlinking with htaccess and mod_rewrite

To stopping content stealing, just create an .htaccess file (or add to the existing file) and paste code below and upload/save it to your main directory(root of your homepage).

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http://(www\.)?example.com(/)?.*$     [NC]
RewriteRule \.(bmp|gif|jpg|jpeg|png|mp3|swf|avi)$ - [NC,F,L]

You can replace requested files with a ' don't hotlink' image file.

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^$
RewriteCond %{HTTP_REFERER} !^http://(www\.)?example.com(/)?.*$     [NC]

.htaccess examples

redirect url with parameters

RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteCond %{QUERY_STRING} url_get_parameter_1=(.*)&url_get_parameter_2=(.*)
RewriteRule ^your/old/directory/file$ your/new/path/%1/%2 [R=301,L]

This code redirects :

example.com/your/old/directory/file?url_get_parameter_1=ALBUMS&url_get_parameter_2=HOLIDAY

to

example.com/your/new/path/ALBUMS/HOLIDAY

Force files to download (not be displayed in client/browser)

  
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